Nicaragua

Basic Facts

 

-Spanish is the official language, but there is also a part of the population that speaks English, Miskito, Rama, Sumo or another language.

 

-The total number of people that lives in Nicaragua is 6 million 212,077.

 

-According to the United Nations for development Program, Nicaragua is the safest country in Central American with 8.7 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

 

-Like in Argentina, Bolivia and other South and Central American countries, in Nicaragua it’s used the pronoun “vos” as a part of the cultured norm.

 

-The Capital of Nicaragua is Managua.

 

-The national currency is Cordoba, but in all the country is accepted the US dollar.

 

-The volcano Cosigüina is located on the peninsula that has the same name as one of the most popular tourist destinations and it is actually a submerged cauldron of a great crater.

 

-The agriculture is in the top of economic activities, stand out the cotton, sesame, banana, coffee, cocoa, sugar cane, banana, corn, peanuts, beans and sorghum crops.

 

-The highest point is “Mogotón”, a mountain on the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. With a highness of 2106 meters above sea level, found in the volcanic mountain range.

 

Reasons to Visit Nicaragua

 

-Their variety of climates due to their location, going from tropical to mild weather in accordance with the altitude of the place.

 

-The biodiversity that can be found is one of the important things in this country, having a large part protected by the Biological Reserve “Indio Maíz” in the south and the reserve of “Bosawás” in the northeast of Jinotega.

 

-This is a volcanic and tropical country. Inside, there are two great lakes, one of this is Managua (named “Xolotlán” by the aboriginal) and the other is great Lake of Nicaragua (also named as Cocibolca).

 

-Nicaragua is one of the safest countries not only in Central American according the United Nations Organization, but also the sixth safest country in Latin America and the Caribbean, ranking at number 58, which assesses military expenditures, relations with neighboring countries, number of homicides, organized crime and respect for human rights.

 

-This country has a great amount of tourist destinations like beaches, lakes, islands, hills, old constructions and others that arouse an interest in their visitors and in the Nicaraguan. Besides an advantage is that the US dollar is accepted like the major of Credit cards.

 

Life in Nicaragua

 

Nicaragua is a presidential republic composed of 15 departments and 2 autonomous regions. As governing bodies the legislative, executive, judicial and the electoral power, and there is autonomy in each of these.

 

The religious denomination most followed is Catholicism with the 69% of the population, the second place is the Protestantism that has 25% of the population, and 11% of Nicaraguans declare follow no religion, the 4% of the populations says to follow another religion.

 

The Education in this country begin at the 7 years in primary education, then follows secondary education which has 2 levels, one of this is the basic course and the other the diversified cycle; Followed by higher education comprising in public and private universities, higher technical education centers like the polytechnics and technology like so research and training centers.

 

This country has a great amount of tourist destinations like beaches, lakes, islands, hills, old constructions and others that arouse an interest in their visitors and in the Nicaraguan. Besides an advantage is that the US dollar is accepted like the major of Credit cards.

 

Top Destinations:

 

San Juan del Sur:  An old fishing village that today has been transformed into one of the most important tourist destinations in the country offering entertainment, nightlife and paradisiacal beach environments on the south pacific coast.

 

“Indio Maíz” Biological Reserve:  Is a reserve of tropical rainforest with an extraordinary biodiversity of flora and fauna, in which you can appreciate many species of birds such as toucans, macaws, hummingbirds and parrots. This reserve has two accesses by Bartola and San Juan del Norte, San Juan del Norte is less explored and exuberant. Their paths of diverse difficulty, highlights the one that takes to the lagoon of manatees, a long way that allows us to appreciate the beautiful animals if we arrive at the end of him.

 

Ometepe Island:  A volcanic island, the largest island of Lake Cocibolca, show an awesome scenery landscapes formed by their great volcanoes, beaches with swell natural reserves, has been declared by the UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION:

 

Entry Requirements to the country:

 

Is Visa Required? For citizens of certain countries it is necessary to obtain a visa, check the following link that shows the inhabitants of which countries need a visa.

http://www.projectvisa.com/visainformation/Nicaragua

 

Tourist Visa Issuance: Visa issuance may take 6 to 8 weeks because a special authorization from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may be required

 

Tourist Card Assignment: A tourist card is issued for visitors from other countries, this procedure is does upon arrival in Nicaragua, the price is about 10 euros.

 

Requirements to obtain the tourist card are:

a) Valid Passport and photocopy.

b) 2 Carnet-size photographs.

c) Completed application form.

d) Return travel ticket to the country of origin, or another country.

e) Payment of the visa.

  

Money / Currency

 

Currency: Córdoba

Contact your local bank: We recommend informing your bank about the travel dates and places that you will visit, to prevent blockages in your bank account and credit card.

Cash: Always have enough cash to cover your expenses during the first week in case that would have a problem with you bank, credit cards or access to ATMs will be limited. The dollar is accepted in most of shops of Nicaragua.

Credit Cards: It’s always good to have two different credit or debit card options.

 

Healthcare

 

Vaccines are not required to travel this country, although important vaccines that must be updated are skill necessary.

 

Hepatitis AHepatitis BDT vaccine (Tetanus and diphtheria)Triple Viral (measles, rubiola and mumps).

 

Is recommended the use of repellents, clothing covering the body and mosquito nets impregnated with insecticide to sleep because having a tropical climate there Is the possibility of contracting malaria, dengue and zik transmitted by mosquitoes

 

 

 

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