The pandemic caused by COVID-19 has wreaked havoc worldwide. Not only the health system has collapsed, with a high number of infections and deaths, but also the economic sphere has suffered severe damage. Most of the world has been affected, and authorities had to resort to different measures to control the virus.
Governments from different countries decided to close their country borders. Thus, the international flow of people, which promoted the spreading of the virus, was dramatically reduced. Only sporadic flights to repatriate the citizens who were stranded in a foreign country were allowed.
In most countries around Europe, the worst part of the infection appears to be over, so they made the decision to open their borders gradually. In some cases, among neighboring countries within the European Union, while in others, internationally.
Although flights and airlines began operating, levels of consumption similar to pre-pandemic times are not expected to occur soon. The virus has not disappeared yet and there is no vaccine available, so fear still remains in people, and not everyone is willing to travel to foreign countries.
In addition to the measures already known, such as social distancing and the use of a mask, all flights must adapt to sanitary protocols to guarantee the minimum chance of contagion.
Both the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the International Airports Council (IAC) declared that this is the greatest challenge in the history of commercial aviation.
The opening of borders is not the same in all countries. Some will do it among neighboring countries, others internationally. Different measures will also be taken, such as a mandatory 14-day quarantine, or a test upon arrival in the country.
This is the panorama in different countries:
These are some particular cases, but the situation in most Europe is similar, with the borders reopening gradually in June and July.
In Latin America, the virus is still latent so there are no measures or projection of dates regarding the reopening of borders. Mexico will open some of its most popular beaches in July, although this measure will be taken gradually.