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Basic Facts about Costa Rica

  • Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica.
  • A total of 4,889,826 people live in Costa Rica.
  • Costa Rica is home to more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity, even though its land occupies a mere 0.03% of the Earth’s surface.
  • Costa Rica’s owns approximately 580,000 kilometres squared of marine mass, which is about 10 times the size of the land area which belongs to the country.
  • Costa Ricans are commonly known as “Ticos” (males) and “Ticas” (females).
  • Less than 1 percent of Costa Ricans have indigenous roots.
  • The Costa Rican coastline stretches along for 1289 kilometres.
  • 7 of Costa Rica’s 121 volcanic formations are active.
  • There are 750,000 species of insects in Costa Rica and about 20,000 of those are spiders.
  • Around 25% of Costa Rica is made up of protected forests and reserves.
  • Costa Rica’s capital city is San Jose.
  • Average life expectancy is around 77 years, which is one of the highest life expectancy figures in the world.
  • Costa Rica doesn’t have an army.
  • The national currency is the Colon, but many stores and other establishments trade in US dollars.
  • Costa Rica is home to around 52 species of hummingbirds.


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