Spanish is the official language of Guatemala. For 60% of the population, it’s their first language. 40% of the population also communicate using Amerindian languages (21 Mayan dialects to be exact), including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca.
Approximately 15,531,208 people live in Guatemala
The official currency used in Guatemala is the Quetzal
Guatemala is a relatively small country, covering a total surface of 108,890 kilometres squared. This is divided between 108,430 kilometres squared of land and 460 kilometres squared of water.
Guatemala’s main industries are sugar, textiles and clothing, petroleum, rubber and tourism.
Its capital city is Guatemala City and has a metropolitan population of 2.5 million people.
It has coastlines along the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, but it also shares land borders with El Salvador, Mexico, Honduras and Belize.
Guatemala’s first inhabitants are thought to have been around since 18,000 B.C.
It was the centre of the Mayan civilization.
Even though it is a relatively small country, it is home to 33 volcanoes.
Guatemala’s civil war lasted for 36 years, from 1960 to 1996.
Half of Guatemala’s population are direct descendants of the Maya.