The Republic of Peru’s current political constitution was approved in 1993.
The Ministry of Education in Peru is the official state body which assumes responsibility for the education of its people. Peru’s Educational Constitution states that education is both compulsory and free in public schools at both primary and secondary level. University students who aren’t able to meet the demands of tuition fees, and who demonstrate strong academic potential, also have the opportunity to receive free education at undergraduate level.
UNESCO, World Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank, are three independent entities who believe that Peru has one of the best public educational systems across the whole of Latin America. However, The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) ranks Peru at the very bottom of educational provisions in Latin America for maths, science and reading.
The main governmental concern regarding health care programs in Peru relates to the inequality of the provisions. Poorer people and those living in rural areas have less access to quality medical assistance. The inequality in health care provisions is one of Peru’s major challenges. Health care programs for indigenous communities is another issue which the Peruvian government continues to face.